Scientists at the University of Cambridge have discovered that fuel cells can be powered by living algae, which is five times more efficient than current models.
According to a statement, it is thought they could one day be used to provide electricity to places where there is no existing electrical grid system, such as parts of rural Africa.
Genetically modified algae
The new design makes use of genetically modified algae capable of efficiently carrying electric charge.
It uses the photosynthetic ability of plants and algae to convert sunlight into electric current.
Current algae-based fuel cells are a long way from being as efficient as their non-living counterparts, such as solar power, which has emerged in recent years as a green alternative to fossil fuels.
However, the Cambridge scientists have developed a breakthrough technique that significantly improves on old models, which they describe in the journal Nature Energy.
The study’s co-author, Kadi Liis Saar, a chemistry PhD candidate at the university, explained: “We took the process and saw there were two separate parts – one where you are generating the charge and one where you are converting the charge into power.
“We decoupled the parts from one another so they weren’t in a single chamber but two separate chambers – this way we were able to optimise both independently and get a better performance.”
Saar added that the scientists also used “advanced algal cells where some genes were modified so they would have better performance.